Fertilizing the soil for high yields is a must. However, you need to do this consciously and avoid watering with too many nutrients. It is worth approaching the introduction of additives with certain knowledge. Here it is necessary to take into account the type of feeding, its volume and the frequency of saturation. As for the type, it directly depends on the plants that you are going to grow.
At the moment, there are two types of nutrients for feeding:
The latter include animal or vegetable waste. These are bird droppings, manure, peat and compost, as well as infusions of mullein and nettle. This includes sawdust, river silt, fruit and vegetable cleaning, straw. Depending on the type of organic fertilizer, you need to wait 4-8 months for it to settle.
Mineral options are sold in stores. It has been repeatedly proven that this type of fertilizer bypasses organic matter in many respects. They are divided into complex and simple. The first option contains several main components at once. Among them are potassium nitrate, ammophos, nitrophos. And the second one consists of one component, which can be phosphorous flour, saltpeter, superphosphate or ammonium nitrate.
Convenience is that mineral additives are in the form of granules or liquid - this simplifies the work. However, it is very easy to overdo it with such feeding.
Most choose this particular option because of its naturalness. The fertilizer created by nature has a lot of advantages, including:
There are also some drawbacks here. For example, manure is one of the main sources of weed contamination of fields, and also has a low concentration of nutrients. Not everyone likes working with this kind of fertilizer because of the unpleasant smell, and a long period of sludge can threaten with the fact that instead of feeding you will receive an abundance of parasites.
In addition, if a certain area is oversaturated with organic matter, then the plants will saturate the nitrates.
For many people, odorless and colorless artificial granules are in doubt. If we talk about their obvious advantages, then they:
However, such top dressing is absolutely neutral for the soil, requires annual application and is expensive. If the technology and dosage are violated, then the fear of people before inorganic fertilization becomes more than justified - oversaturation makes the fruits dangerous to health.
If we analyze the results of using two options and refer to experienced gardeners, then the following important tips can be distinguished:
For those who are still hesitant to choose, there are combined solutions. They absorb all the positive qualities of both categories and have practically no drawbacks - they have a positive effect on the soil, growth and yield.
A separate category is additives that are used for hydroponic plants. It should be borne in mind that this method of growing is quite complex and has many subtleties - for example, it is inappropriate to use organic matter here. The problem is that some of the elements simply do not dissolve and lead to the formation of sediment, and this is already a direct path to disease in some crops.
For this kind of harvest, a special type of mineral fertilizer is used, which has a large set of useful substances. Trace elements here are in the form of chelates and sulfates. Chelates are artificial molecules that hold onto nutrients so that plants can absorb them. Hydroponic fertilizers are expensive, but also suitable for soil
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